Philoactiva is a research project on the limits and possibilities of philosophy to become a practice or practical in the postmodern world. It is not an alternative to psychotherapies, but it is a path that analyzes the various possibilities of thought to orient problems of meaning, making use of rational knowledge that can provide value judgments.
Philoactiva’s project adopts the term ‘practice’ only in the extension of the practice the philosopher has to make of the human condition. In this sense, the philoActiva project takes on the appearance of a network of connections between philosophers and institutions, where the philosopher can build his experience and specialization in relation to other disciplines and in different contexts.
Philosophical practice argues that many of the problems related to the discomfort of living, are not due to a mental disorder or pathology, but to a misunderstanding of the structures of reality. Compared with psychoanalysis, philosophy addresses the ‘epochal crisis’ of a Western society, which has shifted from the society of rules (Freud) to the society of efficiency (Ehrenberg). The effect is a shift in lifestyle, from a linear, predictable and secure system, to a cyclical, uncertain, less predictable, and in some cases threatening system. PhiloActiva is a rational response, a practical aid in the journey of adapting to the cultural paradigm shift.
PhiloActiva provides rational tools and depth of thought, it is useful in making decisions, in adapting to sudden changes, in developing culture, freeing ourselves from superstructures that do not allow us to move mentally.
Man is not sick, but he has lost the ability to hunt, to move and to imagine new horizons.
The World Health Organization states that in 2020 depression will be the second most prevalent disease after cardiovascular disease. Worldwide, the number of people suffering from depression has increased by 20 percent over a 10-year period, now affecting about 322 million people, about 4.4 percent of the world’s population.
What is the difference between psychology and philosophy?
Psychology deals with mental acts, feelings and emotions. These are how we grasp and relate to the object of knowledge. But they are not reality. Psychology tends to believe that reality is a psychic process.
Philosophy, on the other hand, deals with the object of knowledge, distinguishing it from the mode of knowledge. It deals with reality, with the invisible structures that constitute social reality. We often identify ourselves with our thoughts, or believe that reality, the object that appears to us, is what we believe or feel about the object. This leads us to analyse only our thoughts, our emotions, without ever reflecting, without freeing ourselves from bias, grasping phenomena as they manifest themselves in their original purity. Philosophy teaches how to “see” (idein) reality.